Kalin Nirman Mein Prakirya Niyantran by Dr. K.K.Goswami (H.B)
The term carpet is defined as a covering primarily for floor coverings may be made by using woven, knotted, tufted, knitted, braided or nonwoven technique. Carpet/ floor coverings consist of both natural and manmade very often in blends for making durable or nondurable carpets. Different techniques like Handmade (Knotted, Tufted, Tibetan, Loom made, Durrie, Soumak, Shaggy, Nonwoven, Chain Stitched), and machine made (Axminster, Wilton, Tufted, Face to Face, Velvet, Nonwoven) exists for the segment. As a whole, knowledge of fibres as a raw material for carpets occupies significant position in the process control. If weaknesses and opportunities associated with fibres, product manufacturing techniques can be removed and exploited respectively in appropriate manner, carpet can become a more predominant domain in over all textiles products perspective. Therefore, it is very important to study the mentioned trends in respect of process control to meet the buyer’s requirements.
Classification of carpets has been made in terms of interior, bath textiles etc. compiling relevant trade information. Salient processes involved need to be specially controlled have been identified. Process and controls for the entire carpet sector have been discussed in modular form. To make the chapter more reader friendly process, process flow and control points elaborated. Application of statistical technique and other related issues which can strengthen process control have also been discussed. Social, ecology /environmental, economy, cultural. /human development, health-hygeine issues have also been touched in one way or other.